当前所在位 置:首页 - 信息库

法律英语阅 读与翻译教程(36)

 

3.WTO的协议

3Agreements of WTO

WTO负责监督大 约60个具有国际 法律效力的协议。成员国在加人之时,必须签署并批准全部的WTO协议。下面 将介绍一些最为重要的协议。

 

The WTO oversees about 60 different agreements which have the status of international legal texts. WTO member countries must sign and ratify all WTO agreements on accession. A discussion of some of the most important agreements follows.

  1)《农业协 议》在WTO成立之初的 1995年就已经生 效。《农业协议》具有三个核心理念或“支柱”:国内支持 、市场准人和出口补贴。

(1)The Agreement on Agriculture(AOA) came into effect with the establishment of the WTO at the beginning of 1995. The AOA has three central concepts, or” pillars”: domestic support, market access and export subsidies.

  2)《服务贸 易总协定》的创设是为了将多边贸易体系扩展至服务业。 该协议在19951月生效。

(2)The General Agreement on Trade in Services was created to extend the multilateral trading system to service sector. The Agreement entered into force in January 1995.

   3)《与贸易 有关的知识产权协定》对多种形式的知识产权(IP)的管理制定 了最低标准。该协议的谈判时间是在乌拉圭回合临近结束的1994年。

(3)The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights sets down minimum standards for many forms of intellectual property(IP) regulation. It was negotiated at the end of the Uruguay Round in 1994.

(4)《卫生和植 物检疫措施实施协议》(也称为《SPS协议》)于乌拉圭回 合期间进行谈判,在1995WTO成立之时开 始生效。根据《SPS协议 WTO对成员国制 定的食品安全以及动植物健康的政策作出了限制。

   4The Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures-also known as the SPS Agreement was negotiated during the Uruguay Round, and entered into force with the establishment of the WTO at the beginning of 1995. Under the SPS Agreement, the WTO sets constraints on members’ policies relating to food safety as well as ainmal and plant health.

(5)《技术性贸 易壁垒协定》是世界贸易组织的一个国际条约。其目标在于确保技术谈判和标准以及检测私验证程序不会对贸易产生不必要的障碍。

(5)The Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade is an international treaty of the World Trade Organization. The object ensures that technical negotiations and standards, as well as testing and certification procedures, do not create unnecessary obstacles to trade.

(6)《海关估价 协议》(正式名称是 《关于实施〈关税与贸易总协定〉第7条的协定》 )规定了成员 国需遵守的海关估价方法。它所采用的主要是“实际成 交价格”的方法。

 

 

欢迎24小时咨询各类法律文件翻 译,各类合同翻译报价。法高 法律翻译公司是你身 边最好的翻译伙伴。

友情链接:  法律翻译   广州翻译公 司   合同翻译   大成律师事 务所   德恒律师事 务所   广州翻译公 司   福州翻译公 司   中日翻译   上海翻译公 司   广州翻译公 司   翻译公司   大连翻译公 司 

友情链接:    中国官方彩票网址   急速11选5   福彩3d软件   118彩票   网购彩票正规平台