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法律英语阅 读与翻译教程(31)

 第十课  国际货物买 卖法

Lesson 10  Law of International Sales of Goods

 

I.课文及译文

1.概述

1General Introduction

 

自第二次世界大战以来,国际货物买卖迅速增长,与国际货物买卖有关的法律和习惯的重要性也与日俱增。国际货物买 卖法律和习惯对世界经济的发展,特别是对世界市场的整合,发挥着重要作用。

 

Since World War Two international sales of goods has grown extensively, seeing the increasing importance of laws and customs related to international sales of goods. The laws and customs to sales of goods play a vital role in world economy development, particularly in the integration of world markets.

国际货物买 卖的关键特色就在于它是跨越国境的买卖交易。出口商可以直接向国外的进口商销售货物,或者,他也可以在国外建立销售组织及通过分销商、代理人、办事处或者子公司来开展业务。由于商贸交易的国际性,除了需要处理国内 买卖交易中需要关注的法律问题之外,国际合同的当事方还需要处理其他的法律关注点。

The key feature of international sales of goods is the fact that it is a sales transaction that crosses national borders. An exporter may sell goods directly to an importer abroad or he may set up a marketing organization abroad and transact business through distributors, agents,branch offices or subsidiary companies. Given the international nature of trading transactions, the parties to these international contracts have to deal with other legal concerns in addition to the basic legal issues addressed in domestic sales transactions.

只有国际法 得到有关国家的同意和接受,它才具有效力,这是一项基本原则。国家同意受某一国际法约束的特别同意,可体现在政府宣言、国内立法、法院裁决及其作为一方的双边和多边条约之中。对于货物买卖,最为重要和最有影响力的 国际法就是《联合国国际货物买卖合同公约》(CISG)

As a basic principal, international law comes into effect only when states consent to accept it. The particular consent of a state to be bound by an international law can be found in the declarations of its government, in its domestic legislations, in its court decision, and in the treaties(both bilateral and multilateral) to which it is a party. As to sales of goods, the most important and effective international law is The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods(CISG).

有些规则因 为存在了很长一段时间,或是因为被广泛接受,所以被称为“习惯法”。在国际货 物买卖领域,最广泛使用的习惯法是《国际贸易术语解释通则》,这一法律编纂的内容是货物买卖通用合同条款的国际统一解释规则。

Some rules have simply been around for such a long time or are so generally accepted that they are described as customary laws. In the field of international sales of goods, the widely used customary law is the International Rules for the Interpretation of Trade Terms(INCOTERMS)which is a codification of international rules for the uniform interpretation of common rules for the uniform interpretation of common contract clauses in sales of goods.

 

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