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 4.被告人有获 得律师代理的权利

4.The Defendant’s Right to be Represented by an Attorney

   《宪 法》第六条修正案规定,“在一切刑事 诉讼中,被告人享有从律师处获得帮助为自己辩护的权利”。如赤贫被 告人(无钱聘请律 师的被告人)的罪行可能被实际判处6个月以上的 监禁刑,法官必须为其指派一名律师,费用由政府负担。在实践中,只要赤贫被告人有可能被判处监禁刑的,法官几乎都会例行地为其指派一名律师。
   The Sixth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution provides that “in all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right...to have the assistance of counsel for his defense.” A judge must appoint an attorney for indigent defendants(defendants who cannot afford to hire attorneys)at government expense only if the defendants might be actually imprisoned for a period of more than six months for the crime. As a practical matter, judges routinely appoint attorneys for indigents in nearly all cases in which a jail sentence is a possibility.
   美国 联邦最高法院在一系列案件中裁定,赤贫者有权获得律师的辩 护——但仅限于刑 事案件。联邦政府和一些州设立了“公众辩护人 ”办公室, 向赤贫被告 人提供帮助。而其他的一些州则将此项工作“外包”给私人律师 。法官通常会在赤贫被告人首次出庭时为其指派律师。对大部分被告人而言,首次出庭或者是指传讯或者是指保释 听证.
   In a series of cases, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that American indigents do have a right to counsel, but only in criminal cases. The federal government and some states have offices of public defenders which assist indigent defendants, while other states have systems for outsourcing the work to private lawyers. A judge normally appoints the attorney for an indigent defendant at the defendant’s first court appearance. For most defendants, the first court appearance is either an arraignment or a bail bearing.
   庭审 辩护律师的职责是代表被告人准备并提供强有力的辩护。辩护通常包括证据的出示和对证人的询问。所有这些都要求细心的考虑和计划。好的律师,就像技术精湛的工匠一样,会对其代理案件的审判结果倾注极大的感情。
   The job of defense counsel at trial is to prepare and offer a vigorous defense on behalf of the accused. A proper defense often involves the presentation of evidence and the examination of witness, all of which requires careful thought and planning. Good attorneys, like quality craftspeople everywhere, may find themselves emotionally committed to the outcome of trials in which they are involved.
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